Table Of Content
Table Of Content
Skin pigmentation is the color of the skin, which is caused by melanin that is made by special cells. Melanin is the color made by melanocytes, which are special skin cells. Melanin gives the skin, mucous tissues, and retina of the eye different shades of color. People with fair and mature skin have less melanin in their bodies than people with dark skin.
People's skin color and melanin are changed by their genes, how much UV light they get, and some drugs.
Many skin diseases that cause pigmentary abnormalities can change how a person looks and how well they get along with others. Melasma, Vitiligo, Albinism, and Addison's disease are all common skin pigmentation problems. Eczema, acne vulgaris, and drug interactions can all cause them. Today, we talked about what causes skin color, what kinds there are, and how to treat them.
Melanocytes are special cells in the outer layer of your skin that make melanin. Melanosomes are small parts inside the cells that make melanin. The different colors of skin rely on how well these tiny melanin factories work. Below, we talk about the two main types of melanin:
It keeps your skin safe and is brown and black. The small amount of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays that get through the oxygen radicals could hurt your cells and lead to long-term health problems like cancer.
Its colors are red and yellow. Pheomelanin protects a little bit against dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays and helps make oxygen radicals, which do damage.
Both internal and exterior factors can cause the body to make more melanin, which can cause skin pigmentation problems. You can talk to a doctor to find out what the exact cause is.
Some of the common factors that cause skin pigmentation are given below:
Skin damage and other changes in the body can make the skin darker or change its color. This can happen in more than one place on the body's surface. There are three different kinds of skin color:
In hyperpigmentation, skin becomes darker than the surrounding areas. It may occur in small patches of the skin and may affect the whole body as well. Types of hyperpigmentation are;
Hypopigmentation is when your body makes less melanin, which makes your skin lose its color. Because it has less melanin than discoloration, it is lighter in color. It can also be caused by sickness. Hypopigmentation can look like:
Depigmentation is when your skin loses its color and goes white. Vitiligo is a common autoimmune disease that causes patches of skin to lose their color and look smooth and white.
For an accurate diagnosis, you should seek help from an experienced dermatologist. The doctor recommends the treatment depending on the types of pigmentation.
The term "pigmentation of the skin" comes from the fact that it is used to describe the color of the skin, which in turn reveals the amount of melanin that is produced by melanocytes. Sun exposure, hereditary factors, and hormonal shifts are the primary contributors to the development of skin pigmentation. We hope this blog may be helpful to you.